Photo by: Team Flyer
Species: Woodland Jumping Mouse
Scientific name:Napaeozapus insignis
Description: This mouse is quite distinctive in that it is tricoloured (has 3 colours). It has a black/brown top (back), red/orange sides, and white underbelly. This mouse also has a nice and long tail that is distinct, with a dark top and light underside, as well as a white tip. As indicated by its name, this mouse is a great jumper, and to do so, they have large hindfeet and significantly smaller front feet. This mouse species does hibernate. However, they do not cash food; instead they will put on a layer of fat before going into hibernation.
Habitat: This mouse is commonly found in forests with dense foliage (plant leaves), in regions that remain damp and have some sort of running water. They can be found in both coniferous (needle trees, e,g,. pine tree), and deciduous (leafy trees, e.g., maple tree) forests.
Breeding: Dens for this species are dug in their burrows underground. They will either use burrows they have made, or those made by other small mammals. Nests are made from grasses and leaves and can be found underground or above ground (in logs, under roots or rocks). The mating season is in May, and females will remain pregnant for 29 days (gestation period). Females will have a litter of 2-7 young once a year, which are born in late June-early July. Baby jumping mice depending on their mothers for nutrition (altricial) and will not be able to leave the nest until 34 days after birth.
Diet: These mice, like other mice species, are omnivorous. Its main diet consists of seeds, fungi, plant material and insects.
Threats to species: There are a number of predators for this species including owns, mink, weasels and skunks. They are also host to a number of parasites including mites, fleas and ticks.
Threat to humans: There are no threats to humans from this species. They may be a pest if they get in your house, but that’s about it.
This mouse loves to jump. They can jump up to 1.8 m.
From birth, this species will start jumping around, and by 29 days young jumping mice can leave up to 6 times the length of its body.
During hibernation, this mouse can drop its body temperature from 37 degrees C, to 2 degrees C.
Eder, Tamara, and Kennedy, Gregory. 2011. Mammals of Canada. Lorne Pine Publishing. Edmonton, Alberta.